Coercive control could be characterized by pressure, intrusion, domination, and discouragement of child independence and individuality.
|Psychological control:||parental behaviors that are intrusive and manipulative of children’s thoughts, feelings, attachments to parents. Psychological control intrudes into the psychological and emotional development of the child through use of parenting practices such as guilt and anxiety induction, love withdrawal, constraining verbal expressions, and personal attacks on a child.|
|Authoritarian control:||parents who tend to enforce rules harshly, expect their child to accept their judgments, values, and goals without questioning, and attempt to control their child’s emotions at all times.|
|Physical punishment:||using corporal punishment as a way of disciplining the child.|